In spite of the increasing production over recent years, there is a stable decrease in the specific emissions during oil production and refining and transportation of oil and gas.
Thus, for example, in LLP “Atyrau Refinery” of JSC “KazMunayGas – Refining & Marketing”, the specific emissions during oil refining have decreased from 1.13 to 1.05 kg per ton of the refined oil.
Figure. Volumes of Specific Emissions per Ton of Refined Oil
LLP “Atyrau Refinery” of JSC “KazMunayGas – Refining & Marketing”
The volume of industrial and consumer waste decreased by 76.300 tons or by 51.4 %, year-on-year. The work on elimination of the oil-polluted areas and contaminated soil remediation is underway. 1,040 mn tenges were assigned during the reporting period for these purposes.
Figure. Volumes of Production and Consumption Waste, tons
Within the framework of KMG’s current waste management system, one of the core directions is implementation of the modern low waste technologies and use of high-performance equipment. For example, as a pilot project, the KazMunaiGas Exploration Production JSC is restoring oil polluted territories using the zeolite-microbiological method, which uses special hydrocarbon-destructing bacteria for restoring the fertile properties of the soil.
High-performance equipment is used for processing hard-to-destruct oil, as well as installations for processing oil sludge, using the method of thermal desorption. To conduct liquidation with minimal negative impact on the environment, the Company uses high-technology mobile complexes for processing oil polluted soil and oil sludge, with the productivity of 30 tons per hour.
Figure. Expenses on Environment Protection Activities, Million KZT
KMG annually spends a considerable amount of finance for the realization of environment protection activities. KMG’s SDEs spent over KZT15 bn for the implementation of environment protection activities in 2010.