Kazakhstan-China gas pipeline
Kazakhstan-China Gas Pipeline Construction Project is the first of its kind in Kazakhstan’s gas sector aimed at diversifying the transit and export of natural gas. This project is being implemented as part of the Cooperation Agreement for Construction and Operation of the Kazakhstan-China Gas Pipeline concluded between the Republic of Kazakhstan and the Government of the Peoples’ Republic of China dated 18 August, 2007.
A and B lines of the Kazakhstan-China main gas pipeline were launched and commissioned at the end of 2009 and in October 2010, respectively. Since 5 gas-compressor plants had been commissioned in 2012, the capacity of A and B lines achieved 30 bcm of gas/year.
To implement the agreements between China, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan on additional gas supplies to China through Kazakhstan, the designing of the gas pipeline C line started in 2012 and its construction – in 2013. In 2015, the pipeline linear section was commissioned along with compressor plants No.6 and No.2, which in 2016 were followed by commissioning of compressor plants No.4 and No.8, and gas pipeline electrochemical protection system, and in 2017 – compressor plants No.1 and No.3.
In November 2018, compressor plants No.5 and No.7 were commissioned at С line which allowed increasing the pipe capacity from 20 to 25 bcm of gas/year, of which 20 bcm/year is intended for use by China to transit Turkmen and Uzbek gas, and 5 bcm/year for Kazakhstan to meet domestic gas demand and, probably, export gas to China.
Total capacity of all three A, B and C lines is 55 bcm of gas. The commissioning of compressor plants has brought to an end the major project to create the Central Asian-China Trans-Asian gas pipeline, linking four countries – Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan and China. Thus, KazTransGas has implemented the project in record time that has opened a new era in the transit and export of Kazakh gas. The national gas operator has expended great effort to realign the entire gas transportation system in the country and set up diplomacy management function.
Kazakhstan – China main pipeline (Beineu-Shymkent)
Beineu-Shymkent main gas pipeline construction project is implemented in accordance with the Address of N. Nazarbayev, the Head of the state, to the people of Kazakhstan dated 06.02.08 to provide sustainable gas supply to southern regions of the republic, to exclude the dependence on imported gas and to ensure energy security in the country.
To ensure energy security in the Republic of Kazakhstan, reliable gas supply to southern regions of Kazakhstan and diversification of Kazakhstan gas export, on the basis of the Cooperation Agreement concluded between the Governments of the Republic of Kazakhstan and Peoples’ Republic of China for construction and operation of Kazakhstan-China gas pipeline, “Beineu-Bozoy-Shymkent gas pipeline construction” is being implemented.
The gas pipeline route is passing through the territory of Mangistau, Aktobe, Kyzylorda and South Kazakhstan regions and has the following main technical characteristics: capacity of 6 bn. m3/year (first stage of 2010-2016) 10bn. m3/year (second stage of 2014-2017), length of 1487 km, diameter of 1000 mm (1 line).
The Beineu-Bozoi-Shymkent gas pipeline will help resolve a number of issues of the national concern, such as domestic gas supplies to the south of the country, unification of the country’s major gas pipelines into a single gas transportation system and increase in Kazakh gas export to China to15 bcm/year. The actual length of the gas pipeline is 1.454 km. In 2018, 5.9 bcm of gas was exported to China via this gas pipeline and 1.3 bcm of gas to the domestic market. The year 2018 was marked by increased design capacity of the main gas pipeline which made up 30%. In 2018 Central Dispatch Centre was also launched in Kyzylorda.
Construction of Three Compressor Plants at Beineu-Bozoi-Shymkent Main Gas Pipeline Project
The project will ensure stable gas supplies to the south of the country and subsequently increase Kazakh gas export to China.
28 November 2018, on the eve of the Day of First President of Kazakhstan, the Aral compressor plant was commissioned at 518 km of the Beineu-Bozoi-Shymkent gas pipeline. It took record 7 months to build the compressor plant.
On 20 December 2018, Turkestan, the second compressor plant built as part of the Project, was commissioned at 1,230 km of the Beineu-Bozoi-Shymkent main gas pipeline.
On 30 January 2019, the Korkyt Ata compressor plant was built at 725 km of the main gas pipeline, close to the Aksuat village in Kazalin district of Kyzylorda region, and was the third high-tech plant built in record time.
Commissioning of the Korkyt Ata compressor marked the end of a major investment project as part of increased design capacity at the Beineu-Bozoi-Shymkent main gas pipeline from10 bcm/year to 15 bcm/year.