Biodiversity conservation

As an oil and gas holding company with extensive operational activities, we understand how important it is to maintain the biodiversity in the areas of production activity.

For all of our projects at the stage of impact assessment, we identify and evaluate environmental, social and health risks, and also consider the opportunities to improve our performance. Moreover, production activities are accompanied by environmental monitoring that takes into account the biodiversity and ecosystem sensitivity.

We realize that biodiversity is the key to environmental well-being. The biodiversity issues management is based on the following principles:

  • Identify and assess the environmental and social risks and impacts. To do this, when planning future activities, we evaluate the potential impact that biodiversity may have. In accordance with the international practice, to monitor environmental changes in the license areas during exploration and development of oil fields, and to assess and clarify possible damage to biodiversity, we conduct regular environmental monitoring and focus on specially protected natural areas and preserved areas.
  • Implement the preventive measures or measures to reduce the impact and in case of persisting residual impacts - compensatory measures to mitigate against the undesirable impacts.
  • Improve the HSE management system on an ongoing basis.


Location and scope of production in relation to key biodiversity areas




Key biodiversity hotspots (KBH)

Location relative to KBH

License area (

Plan to reduce the impact


Karakiyansk region, Mangistau oblast


Kenderly-Kayassan state nature protected area and Ustyurt state reserve

Located in the preserved area


It was decided to withdraw from the project 



Mangistau oblast 

Kenderly-Kayassan state nature protected area and Ustyurt state reserve

Located near the preserved area

10 396,9

Exploration design stage  


Mugalzhar region

Aktubinsk oblast

Kokzhide – Kumzhargan state nature reserve of local significance

Includes a part of the territory


Hydrogeological monitoring

Alibekmola and Kozhasai

Mugalzhar  region

Aktubinsk oblast

Kokzhide sands

Kokzhide underground waters

Located at nearby


Hydrogeological monitoring



Atyrau region

Environmentally sensitive area of KSCS, Novinsky natural area

Located in the preserved area and includes a part of the territory



Regular environmental monitoring, limitations when conducting offshore oil operations



Central KSCS, Northern Mangistau oblast

Environmentally sensitive area of KSCS

Located in the preserved area


Seasonal environmental research, regular environmental monitoring  


KMG’s affiliates monitor the flora and fauna on an ongoing basis. The following study is made while gathering the information on the state of natural resources:

  • Floristic study;
  • Ornithologic study;
  • Land mammals monitoring.


The ongoing counting of rare species of plants, animals and birds is maintained. Special attention is paid to it during monitoring.

Based on the monitoring results and given the recommendations of competent persons, a number of measures are developed to recover the vegetation and wildlife.

Besides, KMG interacts with stakeholders and studies their expectations.

NC KazMunayGas participates in the preparation of the NATIONAL REPORT OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN ON BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY, interacts with the Committee for Forestry and Wildlife of the Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Kazakhstan and with UNDP. KMG subsidiaries and affiliates are involved in a project to assess the impact of medium power overhead power lines (OHPL) on ornithofauna in the regions of presence and install bird protective devices on their own OHPL.


So, for instance, Intergas Central Asia (KazTransGas’s subsidiary) overhauled several sections of the OHPL with 10 kV cathodic protection which it owned. During the reconstruction, the T-shaped cross-arms with pin insulators were replaced by dovetail-shaped cross-arms with suspended insulators that were equipped with polymer bird protective devices. Embamunaigas also installs protective devices at its OHPL. 

KMG also manages potential risks of negative impact on biodiversity in emergency situations, and promotes animal rescue measures in the Oil and Oil Product Spill Response Plans.   

Every year, as part of the Environmental Protection Plan, KMG's subsidiaries and affiliates do greening (gardening) of the territory of sites and sanitary protection zone.


Cost of the territiry and sanitary protection zone greening, KMG’s subsidiary and affiliates

Subsidiaries and affiliates

Annual amountKZT thou.


Using own resources








2 000


2 502


4 000


4 137

Pavlodar Refinery

13 600


15 000

Atyrau Refinery

140 000


182 066


Plans concerning the development of KMG's biodiversity and ecosystem services management system:

  1. Assess the biodiversity conservation management in all subsidiaries and affiliates of the Company.
  2. Assess the dependence of biodiversity on ecosystem services and measure the potential impact. Map out the particularly sensitive areas.
  3. Design and implement the program to manage the impact, mitigate the effects and identify the opportunities.
  4. Choose the performance indicators (indicators), monitor and report on them.