Biodiversity conservation

As an oil and gas holding company with extensive operational activities, we understand how important it is to maintain the biodiversity in the areas of production activity.

For all of our projects at the stage of impact assessment, we identify and evaluate environmental, social and health risks, and also consider the opportunities to improve our performance. Moreover, production activities are accompanied by environmental monitoring that takes into account the biodiversity and ecosystem sensitivity.

We realize that biodiversity is the key to environmental well-being. The biodiversity issues management is based on the following principles:

  • Identify and assess the environmental and social risks and impacts. To do this, when planning future activities, we evaluate the potential impact that biodiversity may have. In accordance with the international practice, to monitor environmental changes in the license areas during exploration and development of oil fields, and to assess and clarify possible damage to biodiversity, we conduct regular environmental monitoring and focus on specially protected natural areas and preserved areas.
  • Implement the preventive measures or measures to reduce the impact and in case of persisting residual impacts - compensatory measures to mitigate against the undesirable impacts.
  • Improve the HSE management system on an ongoing basis.


Location and scope of production in relation to key biodiversity areas




Key biodiversity hotspots (KBH)

Location relative to KBH

License area (

Plan to reduce the impact


Karakiyansk region, Mangistau oblast


Kenderly-Kayassan state nature protected area and Ustyurt state reserve

Located in the preserved area


It was decided to withdraw from the project 



Mangistau oblast 

Kenderly-Kayassan state nature protected area and Ustyurt state reserve

Located near the preserved area

10 396,9

Exploration design stage  


Mugalzhar region

Aktubinsk oblast

Kokzhide – Kumzhargan state nature reserve of local significance

Includes a part of the territory


Hydrogeological monitoring

Alibekmola and Kozhasai

Mugalzhar  region

Aktubinsk oblast

Kokzhide sands

Kokzhide underground waters

Located at nearby


Hydrogeological monitoring



Atyrau region

Environmentally sensitive area of KSCS, Novinsky natural area

Located in the preserved area and includes a part of the territory



Regular environmental monitoring, limitations when conducting offshore oil operations



Central KSCS, Northern Mangistau oblast

Environmentally sensitive area of KSCS

Located in the preserved area


Seasonal environmental research, regular environmental monitoring  


KMG’s affiliates monitor the flora and fauna on an ongoing basis. The following study is made while gathering the information on the state of natural resources:

  • Floristic study;
  • Ornithologic study;
  • Land mammals monitoring.


Vegetation is monitored by periodic description of phytocenoses including species composition, abundance, general and individual projective cover of soil, arrangement, phenological development and general condition of species. The areas of focus:

  • Rare, endemic and relict plants
  • Presence of species stimulated for development by economic activity
  • Signs of transformation or degradation of vegetation.

As part of ensuring compliance with the Kazakhstan environmental law and guided by the particular importance of the Caspian Sea, oil operations in the Kazakhstan sector of the Caspian Sea provide for baseline environmental studies including such components and parameters of the environment as bottom sediments, benthos, phytoplankton, zooplankton, marine vegetation, ichthyofauna and so on.

KMG also manages potential risks of adverse impact on biodiversity from accidents, and provides for activities to conserve animals as part of their Oil and Oil Products Spill Response Plans.

In our offshore operations, we strictly adhere to the following principles:

  • Strict compliance with design solutions
  • Zero discharges − all wastes and waste water are removed to land
  • Fish protection devices for all floating crafts, no bilge water
  • Operations are prohibited during spawning season from 1 April till 15 July
  • Fishing using industrial vessels is prohibited
  • Well testing and raw hydrocarbons combustion are prohibited at night
  • Special usage conditions.

In addition, KMG interacts with stakeholders and studies their expectations.

In 2019, KMG continued its efforts to prevent death of rare birds on overhead lines. JSC EmbaMunayGas installed bird protection devices on insulators of overhead line pylons; branches of JSC ICA install bird protection devices on insulators of cross arms and hooks of overhead lines as they break, and bird-protection devices are also installed during major repairs and construction of overhead power lines. In October 2019, JSC ICA supported the initiative of LLP Dostyk Advisory and took part in an expedition to study the adverse effect that overhead lines have on bird population in Atyray Region. In 2019, in its facilities Umirzak-SPN 112 km (30 km) and Zhetybai-SPN 112 km 65–112 km (57 km), JSC KazTransOil repaired 6 kW overhead lines and used self-supporting insulated conductors which fully prevent death of birds when they sit on overhead power lines.

To improve knowledge and awareness of the KMG Group employees, and to promote careful attitude towards natural resources, corporate newspaper Munaily Meken published article titled Care for Nature is our Common Responsibility. In addition, in order to raise environmental responsibility and enhance transparency of oil & gas companies, information about environmental performance, including biodiversity and monitoring results, was published on the KMG and SAC websites.

Every year, as part of implementing the Environmental Action Plan, KMG SACs carry out work on landscaping the territory and the sanitary protection zone.