Biodiversity conversation and environmental monitoring

Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development.

Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss.

We recognize that biodiversity is a security of ecological well-being.

Besides abiotic component, we also strive to mitigate our impact on living organisms, inhabiting natural objects in regions of our presence. Therefore, planning future activities, we assess the possible impact on the biodiversity and try to take measures on its mitigation. We perform regular environmental monitoring in accordance with the requirements of the environmental legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan, during direct implementation of production operations, paying a special attention to specially protected natural reservations and protected areas.

Natural areas of our operations under protection

Nationwide conservation area of the North Caspian

Water area of the eastern part of the North Caspian with deltas of Volga River (within the RoK) and Ural River are included into state conservation area in the north part of the Caspian Sea. Wetlands of the north part of the Caspian, especially deltas of rivers Volga, Ural and Emba, as well as adjoining coast and water area of the sea, are the most important agricultural lands on the Eurasian continent, which provide support to millions of swimming and semiaquatic birds during nesting, mew, seasonal migration and wintering. Continuous monitoring and timely protective measures are required for such territory, which is important for preservation of biodiversity of Kazakhstan and the whole Eurasian continent. KMG paid attention to environmental protection of this region since start of its activity in the North Caspian.

Novinsky state natural (zoological) sanctuary of the republican significance was found for the purpose of creation of optimal conditions for fauna and flora reproduction, including listed in the Red Book of the RoK. Security arrangement is protection.

Kenderli-Kayasanskaya conservation area of the republican significance was found for the purpose of preservation of habitat and natural reproduction of houbara bustard and saker falcon. Established modes: reserve status, protection regime, regulated regime.

Ustyurt state natural reserve is related to the first-class specially protected areas of the republican significance. Purpose of reserve establishment — preservation of natural complex of north deserts of Ustyurt in natural state, including rare species of flora and fauna. Security arrangement is protection.

State natural local complex reserve “Kokzhide – Kumzhargan”. There are two objects of natural-reserved fund of the republican significance: sands Kokzhide and underground waters Kokzhide, which are included into the List of geological facilities of the state natural-reserved fund of the republican and international significance.

Production sites, located within the border and specially protected natural reservations

Type of the specially protected natural reservation

Inside borders

Adjacent bodies (part of territory is included)

Outside borders

(situated in 1–5 km)

Category IUCN I-IV

0

0

Kansu

Category IUCN V-VI

Zhambyl

Satpayev

Zhambyl

Kansu

Urikhtau

Alibekmola

Kozhasay

World Heritage sites

Ramsar lands

Location and level of activity towards key biodiversity zones

Area

Location

Key biodiversity zones (KBZ)

Location towards KBZ

Contract area (km2)

Plan on impact reduction

Kansu

Karakiyanskiy region of Mangistauskaya oblast

Kenderli-Kayasanskaya conservation area and Ustyurt state reserve

Located in conservation area and located in close proximity of reserve

4,374.6

Biological monitoring

Urikhtau

Mugalzharskiy region of Aktyubinskaya oblast

National integrated natural reserve of local significance “Kokzhide – Kumzhargan”

Includes part of the territory

239.9

Hydrogeological monitoring

Alimbekmola and Kozhasay

Mugalzharskiy region of Aktyubinskaya oblast

Sands Kokzhide

Underground waters Kokzhide

Located in close proximity

156.5

Hydrogeological monitoring

Zhambyl

CS Atyrauskiy region

Special environmentally sensitive area of KSCS, Novinskiy reserve

Situated in conservation area and includes part of the territory

1,935.2

Regular environmental monitoring, restrictions on sea oil operations

Satpayev

KSCS

Atyrau region

Special environmentally sensitive area of KSCS

Situated in conservation area

1,481

Regular environmental monitoring, restrictions on sea oil operations

Exploratory drilling of well at offshore block Satpayev was carried out in 2017 at sites, located or adjoining to the specially protected areas and protected areas. Nowadays man-made impact in these regions is not significant, and does not prevent free movement of wild animals and birds in their habitats. Following kinds of work affect the environment during exploratory drilling: drilling rig-up, drilling and well test, shipping. Influencing factors are: increase of suspended matters in water during construction at sea, violation of natural structure of bottom sediments, including affected by heavy traffic, noise physical impact.

One more impact source on marine environment is historical wells of onshore oil fields, located on flood zone I the result of rising sea level. According to the results of long-term baseline surveys, the impact was localized in space and in time and did not have a significant negative impact on state of marine environment. Plan of phased re-liquidation of these wells was developed and implemented in KMG.

Area “Kansu” is located in Karakiyanskiy region in Mangistauskaya oblast, partly within Kenderli-Kayasanskaya conservation area and borders with Ustyurt state nature reserve (2 km protective zone from the area borders). Geological exploration works were not conducted on the area in 2016.

Deposit Urikhtau, Alibekmola and Kozhasay are located is Mugalzharskiy region of Aktyubinskaya oblast of the Republic of Kazakhstan. North-west part of contract area of the deposit “Urikhtau” is located in sands Kokzhide, the deposit is also borders with national integrated nature reserve of local significance “Kokzhide – Kumzhargan”. Regular monitoring of environment conditions is performed for the purpose of prevention of ground water pollutions as in area of activity of the Group of companies, so in area of sand massif Kokzhide, adjoining to contract territory.

Areas “Zhambyl” and “Satpayev” are located in the north part of the Caspian Sea. Contract territories are located within conservation area of the Caspian Sea, and also partially within Novinskiy reserve, but production sites do not effect on environmentally sensitive areas. Restrictions on production operations are observed on these areas during the period of high environmental sensitivity (Annex 3. Level of environmental sensitivity of natural resources of the Caspian Sea). Anomalous natural phenomena of the environment or non-natural factors, causing concern or closer attention, were not fixed during investigation in the waters.

Our contribution to conservation of biodiversity in 2017:

  • Expenses for protection of flora and fauna were 121.7 mln KZT in 2017. These are mainly expenses for landscaping and reclamation.
  • 4.9 km2 (149,2 km2 in 2016) of disturbed lands was reclaimed. Reclamation plan was developed in “Embamunaygas” JSC, according to which it is planned to reclaim 1,364.4 km2 of historically disturbed lands in mid-term perspective.
  • Young sturgeons were released in the amount of 4,700 thousand KZT (in the amount 508,35 thousand KZT in 2016).

Affected kinds of flora and fauna on specially protected natural reservations

Kind of flora and fauna

Kenderli-Sayanskaya state conservation area (number of species)

Ustyurt state nature reserve (number of species)

Novinskiy reserve (number of species)

Conservation area of the North part of the Caspian Sea (number of species)

State integrated nature reserve “Kokzhide-Kumzhargan” (number of species)

Vegetation

20 (13)

336 (5)

4

229 (54)

94

Birds

10

166 (18)

27

466 (63)

75

Animals, including

18

 

3

 

 

Mammals

17

29 (8)

 

125 (41)

44

Reptiles

 

15 (1)

 

20 (9)

8

Fish

 

 

 

133 (27)

 

***  In brackets: number of species, listed in the Red Book of the RoK.

Environmental actions in 2017 by areas of actions, bln KZT

 

Land operations

Maritime operations

 

 

 

2016

2017

2016

2017

Areas, for which biodiversity was covered by EIA or similar document (%)

100

100

100

100

Areas, where environmental monitoring is carried out regularly (%)

100

100

100

100

Areas with liquidated wells, where monitoring of liquidated wells is performed regularly (%)

100

100

100

100

Number and percent of critical operation areas, where risk of biodiversity was assessed and controlled in 2017 by Group of companies KazTransGas:

The critical state of biodiversity is related to economic activities, natural pollution and natural disasters, as well as a small area of protected ecosystems. Depletion of biodiversity and degradation of ecosystems have been noted at 66 % of the area of the Republic of Kazakhstan, especially in desert and steppe zone, during lands plowing and overgrazing.

Main task of operation and technical diagnostics of linear part of main gas pipeline is timely detection of changes in its technical state: conditions for interaction with the environment, assessment of remaining life of the gas pipeline, and selection of the most effective methods of repair and measures for provisions of safe and reliable operation of linear part of the main gas pipeline.

Control over performance of work in protected zones and approval for performance of work in minimum distance zones is carried out by gas transportation organization (operator) in accordance with the requirements of Operating procedures of main gas pipelines (approved by the resolution of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan No. 111 dated February 11, 2013).

Runoff flow of surface waters along the axis of the gas pipeline is prevented on slopes of ravines and river banks in order to protect the ground under the gas pipeline from erosion, as well as growth of ravines and washouts, located in protected zones of gas pipelines. Culverts of gas pipelines, laid in embankments, dams, mountains, are maintained in operating condition.

Route of the main gas pipeline, passing through state forestry fund land, within 3 m from the axis of utmost gas pipeline on either side, is periodically cleaned from scrubs and maintained in safe and fire safety conditions. Signs are installed along the route of the gas pipelines, indicating name of the facility, its ownership of operating unit, necessary technological schemes, and kilometer piquets of reference to general manufacturing scheme of the operating unit for the subsequent adoption of measures on elimination of discovered shortcomings, troubles, and defects.